竞博体育

菜单总览

深化改革,努力创新 办让“学生受益最大化”的教育

  • 2018.04.23
  • 领导讲话
在第九届教学工作会议的讲话


深化改革,努力创新 办让“学生受益最大化”的教育

——在第九届教学工作会议的讲话

四川大学锦城学院校长  邹广严 教授

竞博体育(2014nian7yue15ri)

竞博体育  zheiliangtianwomenzhaokaixuexiaodijiujiejiaoxuegongzuohuiyi,youquantilaoshi、guanliganbuhexueshengdaibiaocanjia。huiyikaidehenhao,youershiweilaoshiheerweixueshengdaibiaofayan,jiangdeshengdonghuopo、feichangjingcai。zheijishiyicijiaoxuejingyandejiaoliuhui,youshiyicigebuxijiaoxuejiaogaichengguodejianyue。wotingletamendebaogao,hengaoxingyehenshoujiaoyuheqifa。xianzaiwojiangyixiajigewenti。

  yi、bandaxuejiushibanhuanjing、banfenwei

竞博体育  jianshehezhengdunwomendexiaofeng、xuefengrengranshiwomenfeichangjianjuderenwu,bandaxuejiushiyaobanhaohuanjing,banhaofenwei。qinghuadaxuelaoxiaozhangmeiyiqishuo,daxuebushidalouzhiweiye,shidashizhiweiye。taqiangdiaodashi,dashishibandaxueshifenzhongyaodeyigezhizhu;jinnianlaijiaoyubupinggudaxue,youyizhongyaozhibiao,jirenjunjiaoxuexingzhengyongfang,jiushishuobixuyoudalou,daloushidiergezhizhu;qianerzheshiyingzhibiao、yingshili。guangyoucikongpahaibuxing,haiyaoyouyigeruanshilidezhibiao,jixiaofeng(baokuojiaofenghexuefeng),zheishidisangenzhizhu。womenkeyizheiyangjiang,banhaoyisuodaxuexuyaosangenzhizhu--jiushidashi、dalouhexiaofeng。

竞博体育  ziguyilai,womenjiuqiangdiaohuanjingdezhongyaoxing。“jushenghuainanzeweiju、shengyuhuaibeizeweizhi”,zheijiushihuanjing、qihou、wendudezhongyaoxing,zaijiaoyushangjiutixianweixiaofeng。chunqiuzhanguoshiqidezhumingsixiangjia、jiaoyujiamengzidemuqin,feichangzhongshihuanjingdezhongyaoxing。weilenianyoudemengziyouyigelianghaodexuexihuanjing,cengsancibanjia,jiaozuo“mengmusanqian”,keweiyongxinliangku。

  zhongguodejiaoyujiadoufeichangzhuzhonghuanjinghefenwei。qianxuesenjiushifenzanshangjiazhouligongxueyuandexiaofeng。tashuojiazhouligongxueyuanjiushi“nizhuiwogan、renrenxiangshang”defenwei,chuangxindexuefengmimanzaizhenggexiaoyuan,zaizheilinibixuxiangbierenmeiyouxiangdaodedongxi,shuobierenmeiyoushuoguodehua。neilidexueshuqifenfeichangnonghou,xueshutaolunhuishifenhuoyue,huxiangqifa,huxiangcujin。jianliyuzhanzhengshiqidexinanlianda,shishengmenhuaizheqiangliedeshimingganheaiguoxintoushenxuexi。tamenkefuleshebeiduanque、xiaoshejianlou、shenghuopinkudengkunnan,jiaoshiyanjinzhixue、jingyeyuren,xueshengkekudushu、zhuanxinzhizhi。yuanbeidafuxiaozhang、liandaxueshengshenkeqixianshenghuiyi: dangshiyijiansushezhu40geren,wanshangjiudianbanzixishijianyaquewusheng,xuefengnongyu。tarenweiliandasuoyichengweimingxiao,yishiyouyidapidashi,ershiyoufeichanghaodexuefenghexiaofeng。liandadejiaoshibujinchuanshouxianjindewenhuazhishi,bingqietongguotamendeyanchuanshenjiao,xingchenglianghaodexueshuchuantonghexuefeng。lingyiweiliandaxueshengwuhongconghuiyishuo: “worenweixinanliandazuilingrennanwangdeshixuefeng,zuizhidezhenxideshishide。”zhongguozhumingjiaoyujia、cengrenfudandaxuexiaozhang、xianrenyingguonuodinghandaxueningbofenxiaoxiaozhangdeyangfujiayuanshizaitandaojiansheyiliudaxueshishuo: “chuangjianyiliudaxue,libukaibixudezijintouru,danzheijinjinshizuiqimadewaiyinhejichu,gengzhongyaodeshiyingzaoyigeyouliyuchanshengxueshudashidelianghaodeyanjiuhuanjing。zongguandangjinshijiezhumingdaxue,naliyouhaodeyanjiuchuantong,naliyouziyoutansuodexueshufenwei,neilijiuhuixiyinzhuyiliurencai,ziranyejiuchengweikeyanchengguoyuanyuanbuduandezhishichuangxinzhongxin。”woguoqianjiaoyubufubuzhangzhouyuanqingjiaoshouzuijinzhuanwenzhichu “xuefengjiushizhiliang”;wodemuxiaotianjindaxueyouweilaoxiaozhangwuyongshicengshuo“bandaxuejiushibanfenwei”。

竞博体育  zaixifang,yougeluxifaxiaoying。meiguoxinlixuejiafeilipu·jinbaduozai1971nianzuoleyige“sitanfujianyushiyan”。tabadaxueshengzhiyuanzhefenchengliangzu,yizuchongdangyujing、yizuchongdangqiufan。jieguofaxian,huanjingrangnidangyujing,nijiuquxiangbaoli;huanjingrangnidangqiutu,nijiuquxiangweisuo,kejianhuanjingduirendeyingxiangzhiju。

竞博体育  woxiaozijianxiaoyilai,jiushifenzhongshixiaofengjianshe。womendexiaofengjianshebushizuijintichulaide,shizai2005nianjianxiaozhichujiutichulaide。zai2005nian11yue13ridejiaoshizuotanhuishang,wojiutichule“xuexiaodejiaofeng、xuefeng、zuofeng、xiaofengruhejianshe?xuexiaodezhixu、fenwei、xiguan、chuantongruhexingcheng”dezhongdawenti,zheishijishangjiushiruhejianshexiaofengdewenti。zheishinianyilai,womendexiaofengjiansheyouhendadehaozhuan,youhendadechenggong,danshiyecunzaibushaodewenti。zuidadewentishishenme?shaoshujiaoshijiaobujingye,shaoshuxueshengxuebuyongxin,zongdelaishuo,xueshengxuexideqiangduhaihendi。

  congquanguolaijiang,zhongguodedaxueshengxianzaiqishishidiqiangdudexuexi,meitianyonglaixuexideshijianjiaoduan,yonglaixiuxiandeshijianjiaoduo,xiuxiandeshijianbixuexideshijianduo;congxuexiaojiaodulaijiang,butongchengdudicunzai“sanfangxianxiang”--guanlishangdefangyang、jiaoxueshangdefangshui、yurenshangdefangren。zheixueqiwomenzhongxinxuexitianguoqiangjiaoshoudewenzhang,taduiguoneidaxuepubiancunzaidexuefeng、jiaofenghexiaofengwenti,jujushuodaodianzishang。xueshengxuexibutouru,bujinshi“jincheng”dewenti,quanguodouyouzheigewenti,budanshizhongguodewenti,guowaiyeyou,danshichengdubutong。daliangshujuheshishizhengming,xueshengtouruxuexideshijianhetamendexuexichengjichengzhengbi,tamenzhijianshixianxingguanxi。suoyi,zhengdunxiaofeng、jianshexiaofeng,shiwomenbunenghuibidewenti。yigehaodehuanjing、haodexuefeng,babuhaodexueshengdounengbianhao,yigechadehuanjing、buhaodexuefeng,bahaodexueshengdouyoukenengbiancha。

  xiaofengshishenme?xiaofengshiyizhonghuanjing、yizhongfenwei,yizhongfengqi,shiyizhongwuxingdeliliang,takeyiqianyimohua,suzaorenyubuzhibujuezhizhong。xiaofengyidanxingcheng,nibuzou,tatuizhenizou,lazhenizou,shenzhibizhenizou,buzouyedegenzhezou。dajiashuo“suidaliu”,“daliu”jiushixiaofeng。yigexuexiaode“daliu”shichihewanle,dajiadouchihewanle;yigexuexiaodexiaofengshikekuxuexi、nulichuangzao,zheigexuexiaobuxiangxuedexueshengdoudegenzhexue。yinci,womenyaobaxuexiaobanhao,bunengzhirezhongyuyingjiandetouru,gengyaozhuzhongruanjiandejianshe。jiansheyigelianghaodexiaofengjiushixuexiaoderuanjianjianshe。

竞博体育  womendexiaofengshishenme?womenyiwangtidaodeziyoudefenwei、chenjingdefenwei、jijixiangshangdefenwei、nizhuiwogandefenweideng,zongtilaijiang,keyiguijieweigengningliande“lianggezhongdian”: shouxiantabixushikekufendou、jijixiangshang、yanjinrenzhende,tongshitabixushiziyoupingdeng、hexiekuansong、youliyuchuangxinchuangzaode。yifangmian,xiaofengxuyaoyanjinrenzhen、yisibugou,yinweigaokexuejiushiyaoyisibugou,yidingshibuneng“fangshui”de。danlingyifangmian,xiaofengyeyidingshikuansongziyoude。shenmeshikuansong?jiushiyunxuxueshengtansuoshibai,kuanrong、gulitamenyangwangxingkong、xiangrufeifei、tansuoweizhi。piruwomenyougexuesheng,yaogaogewurenjishiyanshi,wojuedeshikeyide,yaogulifazhande。zaitansuozhenlidedaolushang,shiyunxufancuode,dixianshifanshenmeyangdecuowu。zuijinzaiwobaozhishangkandaodianzikedaluquxinshengshixuezhangmenshuo: “sinianluhenzhang,niyaomebianchengxueba,yaomebianchengxuezha”,zheigeshuofashibutuodangde,“jiandaneryuan”qishijiushibukuansong,womenyaodapozheizhong“feiheijibai、feihaojihuai”desiwei。xueshengkaogeqibashifenxingbuxinga?yaomeyibaifenchengxueba,yaomejiuwushifenchengxuezha,zheizenmexingni?xuyaoshaoweikuansongyidian,gulixueshengcanjiakewaihuodong,gulixueshengziyoufazhan。

  congqunianxiabannianqi,womentichu“sanbufangshui”hou,gebuxijijiguanche,xiaofengyouhendadehaozhuan,daowaimianquchihewanledexueshengmingxianjianshao,shangkechuqinlvdadatigao。danshi,congxuefengdudaozuzhuyuetongxuedexuefengbaogaolaikan,zheigexingshiburongleguan,dajiabuyaoguogaodigujiwomenxuefengjianshedechengguo,buyaofangsongwomendenuli。piru,womencong2005niantichubuzhunchouyan,daoxianzaihaishiyougebiexueshengzhaoyangchouyan,weishenmeni,yinweiwomenguanlibuyange。xueshengdewentifanyingdeshi“xiansheng”dewenti,“xiansheng”dewentifanyingdeshixiaozhangdewenti。ruguoshuo2005niantichubuchouyan,neishiwomenxuexiaodehaozhao;xianzaijiaoyubuhechengdoushidoushizheimeguidingde,weishenmewomenhaishiguanchebuchedi?suoyiwomenbunengguogaodigujixiaofengjianshesuoqudedechengji,henduonandianhaimeiyoutupo,haiyouluanrenglajidexianxianghaihenyanzhong。yixiexueshengbuanshichizaofan,shangkelenadaojiaoshiquchi,zuihoulajirengdaokezhuoshang、choutili,daochudoushi,fengqibuhao。meiweilaoshidouyoupeiyangxuesheng、jiaoyuxuesheng、guanlixueshengdezeren,erxizhurenzaizenmejianshexiaofeng、zuotonglvdejuexinshangyebunengqingyidongyao,yaojianjueguanchezhuadaodi。jiuxiangwomengangtichu“sanbufangshui”shi,youxietongxuexiangbutong,jiliefankang,danbunengyinweixueshengfankangjiubuguancheluoshile。maozhuxipiping“qunzhongyaozenmebanjiuzenmeban”shiyizhongweibazhuyi,suoyizaizheixiewentishang,womenyaojianjueguanchedaodi。guoqumeidaoqimokaoshi,laoshihuazhongdianloukaoti,xueshengcoudaanjiuqufuyin,jiuqubeisong,jiuqukaoshi。pingshibuxuexi,qimogaotuji,zheishiwoshifeichangfanduide。womenjinxingjiaoxuegaigehou,kaoshijiushibuhuafanwei、buloutimu,xianzaibushikaodehenhaoma?suoyizhiyaowomenxiajuexinjianchixialai,lianghaodefengqikeyixingchengde。zaizhengdunxiaofengdewentishang,jueduibunengshouruan,jueduibunengsongxie,jueduibunengduiwomendechengjigujiguogao。

竞博体育  er、qianfangbaiji,jifaxueshengtouruxuexi

竞博体育  womengangcaijiangxiaofeng,jiangdeshiwaibutiaojian,jiangdeshihuanjing、fenwei。danshi,womenwulunruhedoubunengwangleneiyindezhongyaoxing。maozhuxizai《maodunlun》zhongjiangguo“waiyinshibianhuadetiaojian,neiyinshibianhuadegenju,waiyintongguoneiyinerqizuoyong”。jidanzaiyidingdewenduxiakeyifuchuxiaoji,shitoujiubuxing,jitashenmewendudoubuxing。woguozhumingyuyanxuejialvshuxiangxianshengjiang,jiaoyujueduibushigongye,shinongye。weishenmeshinongyeni?nongyesaxiazhongziyaozijizhang,womentigongdeshiturang、kongqiheyangliao;gongyeshibeijiagongde,zhiyaoyouyuanliao,jiagongjiukeyile。suoyixueshengbushigongyepin,ershisadaodilideyilizhongzi、zhangchulaideshumiao,shuodejiushiyaokaotazijideshengzhang。

  woduocijiangguo: jiaoyubushiwannengde,zhiyoudangjiaoyuzheheshoujiaoyuzheyixiangyizhideshihou,jiaoyucainenggaibianshoujiaoyuzhedemingyun。ruguoshoujiaoyuzhebujieshoujiaoyu,jiugaibianbuletademingyun。womenduociqiangdiao“heli”deyuanze,helicainengzengdaliliang,jiaoyulishijiaoshililianghexueshengliliangdeheli。womenhaishuo“gongzhen”delilun,zhongqingfashengde“caihongqiao”shigu,shuominglegongzhendeshihouchanshengdeliliangshizuidade。danglaoshidepinlvhexueshengdepinlvyizhishi,jiaoyulishizuidade、xiaolvzuigao。suoyi,womenshuoxiaofengshifenwei、shihuanjing,danguangyouzheigehaibuxing,womendezerenshiqianfangbaijididiaodongxueshengtouruxuexi,shitamendepinlvhewomenjiaoyudepinlvyiyang,fasheng“gongzhen”;shitamendelilianghewomendejiaoyudeliliangyizhi,xingcheng“heli”。

竞博体育  shouxian,laoshidezeren、xuexiaodezerenjiushidianranhejifahaizimenqiuzhideyuwang、xuexidedongli。zheijiushiqiansulianjiaoyujiasuhuomulinsijishuode“nalimeiyouqiuzhiyu,nalibianmeiyouxuexiao”;yeshihafodaxuexiaozhangludengtingsuoshuode“ruguomeiyouhaoqixinhechuncuideqiuzhiyuweidongli,jiubukenengchanshengneixieduirenleiheshehuijuyoujudajiazhidefamingchuangzao”。jiaoyuzheibahuoyaodianran,womenyoujiweilaoshizuolehenhaodeshijian,zaiqifadiaodongxueshengdejijixingshang,xialehenduogongfu: dianzixidezhouzhengsonglaoshibashuxuejiaoxueyushenghuozhongdegezhongxianxiangjieheqilai,bakansihuisenandong、kuzaoyanmideluojituidao,bianchengshengdongyouqu、huanhuanxiangkoudexingxiangzhanshi,rangxueshengdongdelilunlaiyuanyushijian,bingxuehuizenyangquzhidaoshijian,xuexijijixingdadatigao;tujianxideliqianlaoshiweilejiejuexiandaigongchengxiangmujuxinghua、fuzahuayuzhishironghebugou、shijianhuanjiequefademaodun,jinxingzhuanyejiaoxuedegaige,jiaqiangshijianhuanjie,jiaoshikaozhiyezigezheng,duixueshengshixing“shuangzheng”(biyeshenghecongyezigezheng)peiyang,shixueshengxuexiqilaigengyouzhudongxing、dexinyingshou;tongshijiaoyuzhongxindewenjulaoshigenjuxueketedianhexueshengxuyao,duixueshengshixing“fenleipeiyang”,zengjiadaxueyingyukechengdekexuanxing,manzuyanjiuxing、yingyongxingdenggezhongleixingxueshengdebutongxuexixuqiu,jifaxueshengdexuexixingqu,shixueshengxuexidezizhuxingdadazengjia……zaitamende“jiaoxuezidian”li,xueshengxuyaojiushizhongdian,kechengxuyaojiushizhongdian,diaodongxueshengdexuexijijixinggengshizhongzhongzhizhong。

竞博体育  dangran,womenjiyaoqiangdiaojifadongli,yeyaoqiangdiaojiyuyali,yaojixueshengyidingdexueyetiaozhan。anzhaotianjindaxuelijiajunxiaozhangdeshuofa,tiandabenkeshengmeizhouyongzaixuexishangdeshijianyou40duogexiaoshi,danguowaiyiliudaxueyibanshi70duogexiaoshi,zhongguodedaxueshengquefaxueyetiaozhanhexuexiyali。genjuqinghuadaxuede“zhongguodaxueshengxuexixingtouruxingdiaocha”hewoxiaode“xueshengxuexitouruxingdiaocha”duibishujuxianshi,woxiaoxueshengmeizhoudexuexishijianbizhongdiangaoxiaochayixie、xueshengyujiaoshiketanghudongdeqingkuangbiguoneizhongdiangaoxiaoyaohaoyixie。zheishuomingle“yuanxiaoziyuantiaojianyoushibingbudengtongyuxueshengdegaoxuexitouruhegaojiaoyushouhuo”,jinchengxueyuanzaicujinxuesheng“gaoxuexitouruhegaojiaoyushouhuo”fangmiankeyidayouzuowei。neime,womenruhebawomendejiaoyuziyuangenghaodiyingyongdaoshoujiaoyuzheshenshang,rangxueshengshixianshouyizuidahua,shifenzhongyao。womendexueshengxuyaotiaozhan,suoyitimutairongyilebuxing,jiaoxueneirongshuipingtaidilebuxing,dajiasikaodewentimeiyoutiaozhanxingbuxing,bunengzhishijiyixingwenti。liru: yapianzhanzhengfashengzainayinian?zheiyangdetimuzhiyoujiyixing,meiyoutiaozhanxing。yinci,womenyifangmianyaojifaxuesheng,fuyudongli;lingyifangmianyedeshezhitiaozhan,jiyuyali。woyizhiyouyigeyiwen,weishenmewomendeyixiexueshengzaiguoneidaxuexuexishibunuli、xihuanwan,daoleguowaidaxuezhihoumashangjiubiandehennulile?weilexieyifen15-20yedezuoye,chawenxian,zhunbeiziliao,meitianbudaoyelishierdianbuxiuxi。womendexueyequefatiaozhanxingshiyigeyuanyin。woxiaojiaqiangguochengguanli、qimokaoheguanli、zhua“sanbufangshui”shijixueshengzengjiaxuexiyali,womenhaikeyizainaxiehuanjiejixueshengyixueyetiaozhan,xuyaomeiweilaoshijixushijian。

  taotailvshizengjiaxueyetiaozhandeyigezhongyaofangmian。tujianxilaoshishuotamenyijingzaikechengjiaoxuezhongshezhileyidingdetaotailv,wojuedezheigehenhao;wenchuanxijinnianyekaishitansuotaotailvdezuofa。meiyouyidingdetaotailvjueduibuhuiyouyaliyebuhuiyoudonglide。jinnian,nankedadiyijiejiaogaishiyanbande44mingxueshengzhong,you 4weixueshengtuixue、3zhi4weixueshengyinxuefenweimanyaoyanchibiye--jin20%detaotailv,zaizhongguogaoxiaowensuoweiwen。xiaozhangzhuqingshirenwei,youjigexueshengtuixue、yanchibiyemeishenmeqiguaide,jiushiyaorangyidingdetaotailvshixueshengshizhongchuyunulidedianfengzhuangtai,nankedabaifenzhiershidetaotailv,xiangbimeiguobaifenzhisanshi、sishishenzhiwushidegaotaotailv,yaodihenduo。woxiaoyiweixueshengdejiazhangtidao,tadehaizizaiyingguoduyanjiusheng,zhongguorenqule30ge,taotaile16ge,tadehaizishiliuxialaide14gezhiyi。zheigetaotailvzhengougaoa!taotailvbuyidingshituixue,youxieshijiangjile,youxieshizhongxiude,shishixingxuefenzhi。

竞博体育  suoyi,xianzaiwomenjiaoshidezerenjiushiyongyali,yongdongli,yongdianbo,yongjifa,shixueshengbaofachuqiangliedeqiuzhiyuwang,zheishiwomenmeiyoupojiedenanti。dangranbingbushisuoyoudexueshengdoumeiyoupojie,daduoshuhaishihenhaode。womenyaojichuangzaowaibudehuanjing、xiaofengtiaojian,youyaojifaxueshengneixindexuexiyuwang。

  san、haodejiaofengcainengdaidonghaodexuefeng

竞博体育  jiaoshishiguanjian,haodejiaofengcainengdaichuhaodexuefeng。womenzhonghuaminzushiquanshijiezuigulaodeminzuzhiyi,zhongguoyeshiyigezunshizhongdaodeguojia。jiaoshizaixueshengxinmuzhongheshehuipingjiazhongdouyouzhechonggaodediwei,cong“tiandijunqinshi”dao“yiriweishizhongshengweifu”,doukeyikanchujiaoshizaishehuizhongdezhongyaoxing。konglaofuzishijiaoshizhizu,taquedingdeshidebiaozhunshi“xueerbuyan、huirenbujuan”;hanyushiquanshijiediyigeduijiaoshidezhizeguidingzhidaquanzhe: “shizhe、chuandaoshouyejiehuoye”;《sanzijing》zhongyouguanjiaoshidemiaoshushi“yangbujiaofuzhiguo,jiaobuyanshizhiduo”。kejian,woguolilaifeichangzhongshilaoshi,erqiefeichangmingquelaoshidezeren。meiguogelunbiyadaxuedelabijiaoshoushuo: “jiaoshoujiushidaxue”;aobamazongtongrenwei: xuexiaodeshuipingqujueyujiaoshideshuiping,xuexiaodeshuipingbukenenggaoyujiaoshideshuiping。“suoyi,jiaoshiyouchonggaodediwei,youzhongyaodezhineng。

竞博体育  womende”jinchenglaoshi“,jiyaoyouduijiaoshizhiyedejiazhirentong,yedeyoudui”jinchenglaoshi“dejiazhirentong。”jinchenglaoshi“jiazhitixiandezuigaomubiaoshi”xueshengshouyizuidahua“,zuididixianshi”buwurenzidi“。womenyouhenduolaoshizuodebucuo,biru: gongshangxideyangzeminglaoshifamingle”diliuketang“,yongweixin、weibo、qqdengxiandaixinmeitijiaqiangyuxueshengdelianxihegoutong,tatichu”xueshengzainali,jiaoshijiuzainali“,jiushishuolaoshisuishihexueshengzaiyiqi,hexueshengtaolun,liyongzijidesirenkongjianlaijinxingjiaoyu,zheigehenhao;yishuxideguoyuekunlaoshitidao,conglibaiyidaolibaiwu,jiaoyanshidelaoshipaibanpeitongxueshengchenlianhewanlian,zheishimeiyoukeshifeide,shidajiaziyuande,jixueshengdejiaoyubushishangkecaishijiaoyu,xiakeyeshijiaoyu;womenyousanweilaoshitantaole”sanbufangshui“,jinrongxidejiangzhiping、jikexidezhaoshan、jixiexidejiangdongqing,tamendoushifeichangyangedizhixingle”bufangshui“,jieguoxueshengduitamendepingfenzuigao。”congyan“bushimude,chugaotushimude。womenyoujiweilaoshibaogaolepigaizuoyedeshuliang、shangketiwentideshuliang,doujiludeqingqingchuchu。suoyi,jiaofengdaidongxuefeng,laoshiderenzhenfuze、yanchuanshenjiao,juedingyiqie。xiaozhangdelinianzaiweida,meiyoulaoshilaiguanchedengyuling,yinweizhijiemianduixueshengdeshiwomendelaoshi。wotingle20weilaoshidefayan,xiangqileliubangde《dafengge》: “dafengqixiyunfeiyang, weijiahaineixiguiguxiang, andemengshixishousifang?”womenyouzheiyangdelaoshizaiqianxianjiaoshuyuren,xuexiaodeshengyunengbuzhengzhengrishangma?

  yinci,womenyaobashideshifengjianshefangzaisuoyougongzuodeqianwei,womenyaojixufayang“dayudaixiaoyu”dejingshen,jiushiqinghuadaxuexiaozhangmeiyiqixianshengshuoguode“xuexiaoyoushuiye,shishengyouyuye,qixingdongyouyouyongye。dayuqiandao,xiaoyuweisui,shicongyouye。congyoujijiu,qiruranguanmozhixiao,zibuqiuerzhi,buweiercheng”。dayuyindao、baohu、zhichixiaoyuxuexi,tiyan,tanjiu;xiaoyuzhijian、dayuyuxiaoyuzhijian,yingyouminzhu,youhezuo,shixiaoyudezizhuxingdedaohenhaodifahui。suoyi,jiaoshishiguanjian,haodejiaofengcainengdaidonghaodexuefeng,yaoshixueshengmangqilai、quanshenxintouruxuexi,jiaoshiyaohuashangjibeidegongfu。

  si、shenhuagaigerengshi“jincheng”fazhandezuidahongli

  gaigehechuangxinshiwomen“jincheng”houlaijushangdeliangdafabao。jinnianlaiwomenshenhuade“sandagaige”(jiaoxueneirong、jiaoxuefangfa、jiaoxuepingjia)douqudelehendachengxiao,danshihaiyouhendadekongjian。suoweizuidadehonglijiushizhigaigedekongjianhaihenda,womenyaojixushenhuagaige。

  diyi,pingjiafangmiandegaige。womenyaoqiukaoshipingjiadangzhongshixing“lianggebingzhong”,jutibilikeyiyouchabie,danwomenzhixingdebingbusuanhao。womendekaoshidangzhong,chujide、jiyixingdeneirongtaiduo,gaojide、zonghefenxipipanxingdeneirongtaishao。yinci,womendekaoshiyaotigao“gaojieduanrenzhimubiao”,jiangdi“dijieduanrenzhimubiao”。jutilaishuo,meimenkechengmeixueqidekaoshizhishaoyou1-2getimuyingdangshikaifangxingde,zheizaishehuikexuefangmianshihenrongyizuodaode,zhiyuligongke,yaoduoyixieyingyongfangmiandetimu,rangxueshengsikaofenxi,peiyangtadesikaopanduannenglihejiejuewentidenengli。zheigeshiqingxuyaoxiadingjuexinlaizuo,womendetikuyaoyouyixiezheiyangkaifangxingdetimu,suoyi,kaoshigaigeyidingyaonenggoushixueshengdesikaonengli、fenxinenglitigao,erbushisijiyingbei。kaoshidegaigezhong,haiyoupingshichengjiheqimokaoshichengjidepinghengwenti,wokandajiazuolehenhaodetansuo,meiweilaoshidouyouyigekaohedebanfa。ketangguanlikeyifenchenglianggefangmian,yifangmianshixingzhengguanli,pirushuoketangjilv、chidaozaotuideng;lingyifangmianshixueshuguanli,baokuohuidawenti、zuoye、dushubaogao、lunwendeng。womenguidingde“jiaoshouliutiao”zhuyaojiushixueshuguanli。womenbujinyaoshixingxingzhengfangmiandeguanli,erqiegengyaojiaqiangxueshufangmiandeguanli。kaoheyeshitongyangde,pingshikaohegengduodeshixueshukaohe,dangranyebaokuoxingzhengkaohe。meiguodaxuejiaoshouyouquanlijuedingchidaoliangci、sancidexueshengquxiaokaoshidezige,danzheishixingzhengguanli,wogengxiwangdajiajiaqiangxueshuguanli、xueshukaohe。

竞博体育  dier,kechengfangmiandegaige。meiguodedaxueyixueqixuankezhiyou4zhi5men(baokuohafo、yelumingxiaodoushizheiyang),womendeyigexueqixueshengdayueyaoxiu10menzuoyoudekecheng。womendekechengshubimeiguoduo,danxueshengxuexideqiangduqueyiranhendi;meiguogaoxiaodekechengshushao,danxueshengxuexiqiangduda,hennuli。zheishiweishenme?woxianglehenjiu,xianzaikaolvzhubushixing“sanjingsanduo”dekegaifangzhen。“sanjing”jiushidiyiyaoyou“jinggandejiaoshiduiwu”,jiaoshiduiwubushiyueduoyuehao,guanjianshizhiye、zhuanye、jinggan、gaoxiao,womenfayandelaoshijiuhenjinggan,jiangdehenqingchu,biaodanenglihenqiang,youtiaobuwen;dieryaoyou“jingxuandekecheng”,kechengduolehuxiangzhijiandexianjiejiuyouwenti,youxiekeyihebingdejiuhebing,zhongfudejiuquxiao;disanyaoyou“jingcaidejiangjie”,jiushiyaoyunyongxindejiaoxuefangfahejiaoxuemoshi,tigaoketangdechuangzaoli。jiangjiebixuyaojingcai,zhunbeichongfen,jiangdaodianzishang,yaodianboxuesheng,mingshizhidianjiushiguanjiandeshihoudianboyidian。dangran,haiyouyigezhuanyehuozhuanyezhishi、jinengdejingshenwenti。womendedaxuezaijinxienianqiangdiaolekuankoujing、houjichu,zheidangranyouyidingdedaoli,danshiduimouxiezhishihejinengdebujing、bushen、butouyeshibukehushide。woxiaotuchuzhuanyefangxiangjiushiweilezaiqianghuajichu、peiyanghengxiangqianyinenglidetongshi,yaobayugangweihuogangweiqunduiyingdezhuanyefangxiangzuojingzuoxi,yibianshenduduiying。“sanduo”zhideshi“duodu、duosi、duolian”--duodudeyisijiushikechengshaole,dudeshuquebushao,jixueshengchuyigezhuanti,rangxueshengduodu;erhouqifaxueshengduosi,jizizhusikaowenti,jiejuewenti,bingxingchengpipanxingsiwei;duosizhihouzaiduolian,liru: waiyuxiyaoduofanyi,ba《hafotongshijiaoyuhongpishu》、《1828nianyelubaogao》dengleisideshunalaifanyi;tujianxiyaoduojinxingjianzhuhuatu,buhuashibunengduanlianchulaide;jikexihedianzixiyaozuoxiangmu,congxiaoxiangmukaishizuoqi;caihuixi、jinrongxiyaoduojinxingshilifenxi,pirubashangshigongsidebaobiaozhongxinfenxiyibiandengdeng。suoyi,jingjiangduolianshihenzhongyaode,yaojixueshengtiaozhanxing,meiyoutiaozhanjiumeiyoutigao。

竞博体育  disan,jichukedegaige。zai“sanjingsanlian”yuanzezhiwai,haiyaozuohaoyixialiangfangmiandegongzuo: yifangmianshifenleijiaoyu,tongshijiaoyuzhongxindewenjulaoshijiangleyingyukechengdefenlei,zheigehenhao,jiyaoyoucengcishangdefenlei,youyouleixingshangdefenlei。lingyifangmianshijiangwentijiangshenjiangtou。liru: “maliemaodengsan”、jindaishidengkemu,yaobawentijiangshenjiangtou,ningkejiangdeshaoyeyaojiangdehao;“sanjiangsanxin”mingdejiaoyujiaoyanshizhongdianjiangdaode,buyaozhongfujiang,yebunengzhijiangyuanze;jiangfalvdelaoshizhongdianjiangjigefa--liruxianfa、minshangfa、xingfahesusongfadengdeng,buyaoshenmedoujiang;jiangjindaishikeyibajigedashijian,liruyapianzhanzheng、jiawuzhanzheng、wusiyundongdengyongbaogaodexingshi,jiangshenjiangtou,yihouzuzhidajiataolun。jichukegaigeyidingyaozhuyi,henduojichuzhishixueshengzaizhongxueshiyijingxueguo,daxuezaizhongfuyibian,jiubunengjifaxueshengdexingqu,jiuhuichuxiantaokedexianxiang。suoyijichukechenggaige,zaijiaoxueneirong、jiaoxuefangfa、kaohebanfahekechengshezhifangmiandouyaogai,erqieyaodadandigai。bushikechengmenshuyueduoyuehao,yebushishangkedecishuyueduoyuehao,ershirangxueshengshouyizuidahua。

竞博体育  zongzhi,gaigezheigeshiqing,xiwanggexirenzhentaolun,shenhuagaige,zheishiwomenhoulaijushangdefabao,sheigaidehaojiuzouzaiqianlie,sheibugaigemoshouchengguijiumeishenmechulu。

  wu、rang“dashuju”chengwei“gexinghuajiaoyu”detupokou

竞博体育  xianzai,womenjiangjiangruheliyong“dashuju”zuohaoyincaishijiao、gexinghuapeiyang。womennengbunengzaidashujudeyingyongshang,zouzaiquanguodeqianlie,liyongdashujugaigewomendejiaoyuni?dajiazhidaozaihulianwang、yidonghulianwangshidai,youxuduodexinxijishu,xianzaizhuyaoyousigefangmian: yunjisuan、wulianwang、dashuju、zhihuigongxiang,tamenbujinshiwomenjiaoxuehekeyandeneirong,tongshiyeshiwomengaijinjiaoxuedeshouduan。cong1991niankaishi,meiguorentichulexinxigaosugongluyihou,hulianwangdefazhanhenkuai,tamenbudangaibianlewomendeshengchanheshenghuo,erqiewoxiangxinjianggaibianwomendejiaoyu。suowei“dashuju”jiushiwomenyaoliyonghulianwang、yunjisuanlaisouji、chucun、zhengli、fenxiquanmiandeerbushichouyangdejueshuju,tansuoqixiangguanxingheyinguoxing,bingzuohaozongjieheyuce。

竞博体育  mayunshuo,renleizhengzaicongitshidaizouxiangdtshidai,suoweidtshidaijiushidashujushidai。womenbushichouyangdiaocha,danshouxianshiyaobachouyangdiaochanengzuohao,suoyiwomenyaoliyonghulianwangzuohaozheijianshi。liyongshujufenxijiaoyu,zhaochudashujudexiangguanxing,yanjiuzenyangfaxianrencai,yanjiuzenyangpeiyangrencai,yanjiushenmeyangdejiaoxueduishenmeyangdexueshengzuiyouxiao,baokuowomendejiaoyanshi、xuegongbu、jiuyebudengbumendouyaojinxingshujufenxi,liru: fenxigaoduanjiuyelvgaodeshinageleixingdexuesheng?shikaoshifenshuzuigaodexuesheng,haishichengjiyiban、shehuihuodongcanjiaduodexueshengni?zheijiushifenxiqizhongdeguilvxing。

竞博体育  yincaishijiao、gexinghuajiaoyu,yizhiyilaishijiaoyuzhuiqiudemubiao,womenkefouyong“dashuju”laifenxihejiejuezheigenanti,rang“dashuju”chengwei“gexinghua”jiaoyudetupokou。yong“dashuju”laishaixuanfaxianrencai、bijiaosuodingrencai、paixupingjiarencaideng。biruwomenkeyiliyong“dashuju”fenxixueshengzaishenmeyangdehuanjingxiayouliyuchengzhang,xueshengdenaxietezhang、xingqu、aihaoyouliyuchengzhang,shenmeyangdejiaocai、jiaoxuefangfaduishenmeyangdexueshengzuiyouxiao,shenmeyangdexueshengbijiaorongyideyiyuzhengdeng。“dashuju”zaixianjinshehuideyijingbukexiaoqu,waiguorenbasuoyoudedongxishujuhua,rutamentongguofabiaolunwenbeiyinyonghepingjiadeshuju,laifenxiyucehuonuobeierjiangderenwu。suoyi,womenyihoukeyizai“dashuju”zheifangmianyoudianzuowei、yousuotupo,zai“dashuju”xinxijishudejichushang,fenxixueshengtedian,yucexueshengweilai,tigaowomenjiaoyudezhunquexing、zhenduixing。jiaoyushiyibayaochikaiyibasuo,yidingjiaoyudecuoshizhiduiyidingderenyouxiao,bushifangzhisihaierjiezhunde,buyaoqituyongyigefangfa、yigezuofalaiduisuoyouren。“dashuju”xianzaifazhanhenkuai,xinxijishufazhanyehenkuai,yonglaigaishanqiyeguanli,yonglaizhidaowomenguominjingjidediaozheng,yekeyiyonglairencaidepingjiahefajue。woxiwangwoxiaozailiyong“dashuju”zuohaoyincaishijiao、gexinghuapeiyangzheifangmiannengyousuotupo。

  laoshimen,daxuezhibenzaiyuxue、daxuezhidayezaiyuxue。budanzaiyuxue,erqieshiquanmiandexue,laoshixueshengdouyaoxue;budanzaiyuxue,haizaiyuqinfendixue、kekudixue、fafentuqiangdixue;budanzaiyuxue,haizaiyukaifangdixue,guoneiguowaide、zhongfangxifangdedouyaoxue;budanzaiyuxue,haiyaoxueshenxuetou,bushiyizhongxingshi,womenjiangdexinjishu、xinsixiangdouyaoxue。19shijihoubanye,fashengliangcibiange,yicishishiyu1868nianribende“mingzhiweixin”,yicishizhongguo “yangwuyundong”、“wuxubianfa”。qianzhechenggongle,houzheshibaile。weishenme?zhidewomenshensi。yinci,womendexuexi,buguanzhongguodehaishiwaiguode,yaodadandixue、jianjuedixue、sheihaoxiangsheixue,buyaoniuniunienie、bantuerfei、huluntunzao、xueledianpimao。kexuemeiyouguojie,jiaoxueshikexue,suoyiwoshixiangdongyuandajia,jiaqihuiquduodudianshu,yanjiudianwenti。womendajiayaojixunuli,bawomenjinchengxueyuandeshuiping、zhimingduzaitigaoyidian!

 
竞博体育                        

竞博体育 泛亚电竞 BG视讯 BG视讯 ag体育 IM电竞 亚博app NBA竞猜 水果机游戏 PG电子官网 体育外围