竞博体育

菜单总览

在纪念孔子诞辰2568周年暨 “国庆、中秋、锦城教师节”三节同庆座谈会上的讲话

  • 2018.04.23
  • 领导讲话
​发扬尊师传统,加强教师修养 学生尊师的三个层次和教师修养的三重境界

发扬尊师传统,加强教师修养

学生尊师的三个层次和教师修养的三重境界

——zaijiniankongzidanchen2568zhounianji “guoqing、zhongqiu、jinchengjiaoshijie”sanjietongqingzuotanhuishangdejianghua

党委书记 校长 邹广严 教授
(2017年9月28日)

  jintianshikongzidanchen2568zhounianjinianri,yeshi“jinchengjiaoshijie”,bujiuyoushiguoqing、zhongqiujiajie。suoyi,jintiankeyishuoshi“sanjietongqing”。jinniandezuotanhuiyi“zunshi”weizhuti,womenbianpinchadianbianjiaoliu,zhenshiqilerongrong。yiwangdezuotanhuishidajiaxianjiangwohoujiang,jinnianbianyibian,woxianjiangyijiangwodekanfa,ranhoudajiachangsuoyuyan。

竞博体育  yi、guojiangxing,biguishierzhongfu

竞博体育  daruxunzicengshuo: “guojiangxing,biguishierzhongfu,guishierzhongfu,zefaducun;guojiangshuai,bijianshierqingfu,jianshierqingfu,zerenyoukuai,renyoukuaizefaduhuai。”dayishishuo: yigeguojiayaoxingwang,yidingyaozunzhonglaoshi,guishierzhongfu,renmenjiudongdejingwei,fadujiubuhuizaodaopohuai;fanzhi,jianshierqingfu,renmenjiuquefajingwei,jiuhuifangsi,guojiadefadujiuhuihunluan,guojiajiujiangzouxiangshuailuo。zheishiwoguochuantongjingdianliguanyuzunshizhongfudefeichangzhongyaodeyiduanhua,baduizunshiwentiderenshitigaodaoleguojiaxingshuaizhiluandegaodu,shihenfuzhenzhizhuojiande。

  woguodelishi,datishangyinzhenglezheijuhuadezhengquexing。gaigekaifangyihou,womengaoduzhongshijiaoyushiye,xiaopingtongzhijiucengjiangguo: “buzhuakexue、jiaoyu,sigexiandaihuajiumeiyouxiwang”,qiangdiao“yidingyaozaidangneizaochengyizhongzunzhongzhishi、zunzhongrencaidekongqi”,suoyigaigekaifangyilai,womenguoyunchanglong,budao40niandeshijian,jiujianshechengweishijiedierdajingjiti,yongxizongshujidehualaishuo,“womenbilishishangrenheshiqidougengjiejinzhonghuaminzuweidafuxingdemubiao”。fanguanzhiqiandelishi,tebieshi“wenhuadageming”shiqi,zhishifenzibeibiansunwei“choulaojiu”,“sirenbang”gudongxueshengzaofan,xuexiaozhixushoudaoyanzhongchongji,shenzhifashenglexueshengpidououdalaoshidengchumujingxindeshijian……siwensaodi、rencaiduancengdetongshi,guojiadeguijuyebeipohuaidaijin,zhixudaluan,guominjingjijihudaolebengkuidebianyuan。lishidejiaoxunshenkea!

  shishishang,fanshiwenmingdeguojia、qiangdadeguojia、fazhankuaideguojia,wuyiliwaidoushizhongshijiaoyu,zunzhongjiaoshide。

竞博体育  zuizhumingdeshiyiselie,zheigeguojiazaiguotumianji、ziranziyuandengfangmianshimeiyoushenmejingzhengyoushide,youjingzhenglideshirencaihejiaoyu。jubaodao: yiselieweishijiegongxianle20.2%denuobeierjianghuodezhe,laodonglizhongyou25%shikejizhuanyerenyuan(zheigebiliyuangaoyumeiguoheriben),mei10000renzhongjiuyou150mingkexuejiahuogongchengshi……zheiyangyigerencaiqiangguo,bixu——shijishangyezhengshitongguoduijiaoyudegaoduzhongshilaisuzaode,youtaiminzuyouyijuguxun,jiaozuo“zunshirujingshangdi,jiaoshizhongyufuqin”,zheijuhualisuotixiandeduilaoshidezunzhong,keyishuodaolewuyifujiadechengdu。yiselierenjunyongyoutushuguanhetushuliangjunjushijiediyi,renjundushubilijushijiediyi,kancheng“xuexixingshehui”dedianfan,zhongshixuexi、zhongshijiaoyudefenweixiangdangnonghou。

竞博体育  meiguoshishijieshangdaxuezuiduodeguojia,you4000duosuo,ermeiguozhiyou3yiduorenkou;woguoyou13yiduorenkou,daxuehaibudao3000suo。guojiazhiqiangao“kuozhao”,kuodao2000duosuodaxuedeshihoujiuyourenshuo“daxueshengguoshengle”,“kuozhaogaocuole”……shijiefadaguojiagaodengjiaoyudemaoruxuelvjihudouzai70%yishang,erwoguohaibudao40%,duoleshaolebushixianeryijianma?

  zhanhouderibennengzaifeixushangkuaisujueqi,yigezhongyaoyuanyinjiushizhuahaolejiaoyu,zheizaihendachengdushangdeyiyumeiguozhanlingjunde“weibi”,ribenzhanqianzhiyouxiaoxueliuniandeyiwujiaoyu,zaizhanlingjundeqianglieyaoqiuxia,ribenrenzai1947niankaishishishijiunianyiwujiaoyu,dadatigaoleguominsuyanghelaodongzhesuzhi,ribenyouhenhaodizhuazhulelengzhan、chaoxianzhanzhengdengguojizhengzhi、junshigejubianhuadailaidewaibujiyu,yushijiuhenkuaidifazhanqilaile。ribencongmingzhiweixinyilai,jiuyizhibaochizunshizhongjiaodehaochuantong,jiulianshifanshengyeyouyizhongguangrongganhezihaogan,zaigonggongqicheshang,renmenjibianshikandaochuanjiaoshifudeshifansheng,douhuiqilirangzuo。shangshiji70niandai,ribenguohuitongguoyigezhizaibaozhengzhongxiaoxuejiaoshiduiwubuduanchongshiyouxiurencaide《quebaojiaoshirencaifaan》,yifalvxingshiguidinglezhongxiaoxuejiaoshigongzidaiyuyaogaoyuguojiayibangongwurenyuan。

  hanguodaxuedemaoruxuelvdadaole80%zuoyou,hemeiguochabuduo。hanguozuowei“yazhousixiaolong”zhiyi,bingbushixiangwomenmouxiewangyousuoshuo,shikaowomenzhongguorenquhanguolvyoucaifazhanqilaide。zhonghanjianjiaoyiqian,hanguojiuyijingshi“yazhousixiaolong”le。shishishang,hanguoshikaojiaoyu、kejifazhanqilaide,hanguodedianzigongye、zaochuangongye、qichegongye、fangzhigongye、wenhuachanyedengdouweijushijieqianlie。hanguoyeshigaoduzunshizhongjiaodeguojia。hanguojiaoshijiehehanguolishishangzuishouzunjingdeshizongdawangdeshengrishitongyitian。zaixuduodaxuexiaoyuanli,xueshengjianjiaoshou,bigongbijing,90dujugong。jiaoshoudaoxiaozhanghuoyuanzhangbangongshibanshi,yijinmenjibeireqingzhaodai,anpaijiuzuo,jingshangxiangchahuokafei,xiaozhanghuoyuanzhangjiketingxiashoutougongzuo,xiaorongkejudijiedai,jiaoshouxiangyoudeliyushuipingshihengaode。

竞博体育  woguoyeyouyoujiudezunshichuantong。zaozai《guoyu?jinyu》,jiujiangshiyujun、qinbinglie,xunzijinyibujiangshiyutian、di、jun、qinbinglie,zuizaotichule“tiandijunqinshi”dexulie。duiyuzunshidebiyaoxing,《xueji》zhongchanshishuo: “fanxuezhidao,yanshiweinan。shiyanranhoudaozun,daozunranhouminzhijingxue。”zheilide“yan”zishizunjingdeyisi,renweizhiyoulaoshishoudaozunzhong,tasuochuanshouzhidaocaikenengshoudaozunzhong;daoshoudaozunzhong,laobaixingcaizhidaojingzhongxueye。zheiyang,guojiadewenmingjinbu、fanrongchangshengcaihuiyoulaogudejichu。

  jibianshizaidengjisenyandegudaishehui,chenziyezailiangzhongqingkuangxiakeyibuduiguojunxingchenli,yizhongshizaijisizhongdanrenjizhushi,lingyizhongjiushidanrenjunzhudelaoshishi。

  hanwudi“bachubaijia,duzunrushu”,dingrujiaxueshuoweiguojiazhuliuyishixingtai,yongxianzaidehualaijiang,jiushidangshide“zhidaosixiang”。weijiaqiangdui“zhidaosixiang”deyanjiu、jiaoyu、puji,hanwudizhiwujingboshi,boshiyuerqianshiyijideguanyuanyouzhetongdengdezhengzhidiwei,shihuangdizaizhengzhishangdegaojiguwen,huangdiyuyouzhongdawentixuyanwenqunchenshi,meimeibajingxueboshiyuliehou、erqianshibinglie,kejianduiboshidezunzhong。tangtaizonglishimingengshizunshidedianfan,ju《zhenguanzhiyao》jizai: zhenguansannian,taizishaoshiligangjiaotong,bunengzoulu,tangtaizongshangcitayiliangdaibujiao,minglingshiweitaijiaojinrudonggong,haixiazhaominglinghuangtaiziqinziyingjielaoshishangdian,xinglizuoyi,yishiduilaoshidezunzhong。zhenguanshiqinian,taduizhangsunwuji、fangxuanlingshuo: “sanshishiyidexinglaijiaodaotaizideren,ruguosanshideshenfenbeixia,taizijiumeiyouxuexidebangyang。”yushixiazhao,rangrenbianzhuantaizijiedaisanshideliyizhidu,guidingtaiziyaozouchudianmenyingjieshifu,xianlibaisanshi,ranhousanshidabai;meidangguomenshiyaorangsanshizaiqian;sanshizuoxiahou,taizicainengzuo;xiejisanshideshuxin,qianbiancheng“huangkong”,houbianzaixieshang“huangkongzaibai”……kejian,jibianguiweitaizi,zailaoshimianqianyedeshibigongbijingde,tixianlediwangzhijiaduilaoshidezunzhong。

  jutidaowomenjinchengxueyuan,“zunshizhongdao”、“zunshizhongjiao”、“zunshiaisheng”shizhongshiwomensuoqiangdiaode,shixuexiaode“zhuliuyishixingtai”。danlongtongditanzunshizhongdao、zunshizhongjiao、zunshiaishengsihuhaibugoushenru。womenyaotichangjiangliangjuhua: diyijuhua——xueshengfayangzunshichuantong,zunshizhongfu,zheilimianbaohansangecengci;dierjuhua,jiaoshijiaqiangzishenxiuyang——duiyingde,yebaohansanzhongjingjie。heqijiushi“jincheng”xueshengzunshidesangecengcihejiaoshixiuyangdesanzhongjingjie。

竞博体育  er、“jincheng”xueshengzunshidesangecengcihejiaoshixiuyangdesanzhongjingjie  

  (yi)“xihuan”decengcihe“liangshi”dejingjie

  《xueji》youyun: “anqixueerqinqishi,leqiyouerxinqidao。”zheijuhuashi“huwen”jiegou,keyilijiewei“qinjintamendelaoshi,xihuantamendepengyou,cainenganqixue、xinqidao。”zhichulelianghaodeshisheng、xueyouguanxiduixuexihuodongdecujinzuoyong。xunziyezhichu“xuemobianhujinqiren”,“xuezhijingmosuhuhaoqiren”,zheilide“qiren”,jiushixuexideduixiang,jiushilaoshi;“jinqiren”,jiushiqinjinlaoshi;“haoqiren”,jiushixihuanlaoshi。xunzideyisishi: meiyoushenmebiqinjin、xihuanzijidelaoshigengbianjiedexuexifangfale。zheixiejingyanzhitan,jingshouleqianbainianjiaoyushijiandekaoyan,zhijinrengshizhilimingyan。

  yibanlaishuo,xueshengxihuanlaoshi,huitigaoduilaoshisuoshoukechengdexingqu,tigaoxuexidejijixing、zhudongxing,jinru“haozhi”、“lezhi”dezhuangtai;laoshiyehuiyincigandaojiaoyuguochengdeyukuai,jiaoyuxuejiurongyizaitongyipinlvshang“tongpingongzhen”,jinerqudejiaoxuexiangzhang、jiaoxuexiaoguozuiyouhuadexiaoguo。

  xueshengxihuanlaoshiyouxieshenmebiaoxianni?zuijizhongyeshizuishouyaodebiaoxianshizaiketangshangzhuanxintingke,jijiyulaoshihudong。tongshijiaoyuzhongxindelihaiyan、chaishasha、tangshifudenglaoshideketangjiuhenshouxueshengxihuan;qicishizaikewai,huixuexigengduodeyubenkemuxiangguandeqitazhishi,huigengshenrudisikaotanjiulaoshitichudewenti;zuihoushizaishenghuozhong,zaimianduirenshengbaokuoxueye、shiyeyizhijiaoyou、aiqingdengwentishi,huigengyuanyixiangzijixihuandelaoshiqingsu,tingqulaoshideyijian;yegengleyixianglaoshifenxiangzijichengzhangjinbudexiyue。zongzhi: tabalaoshidangchengshizijideliangshiyiyou。

竞博体育  nenggouyingdexueshengdexiai,chengweiyiminghaolaoshi,zheishijiaoshixiuyangdediyizhongjingjie,wochengzhiwei: “liangshi”dejingjie。

竞博体育  zenyangcainengchengwei“liangshi”ni?dajiadouyinggaikanguo《di56haojiaoshideqiji》ba?meiguodechuanqijiaoshileifu?aisikuisi20jinianruyiri,zaitongyisuoxuexiaodetongyijianjiaoshijiaotongyigenianlingduandexuesheng,bayipipichushenpinkunjiating、yiminjiatingdehaizipeiyangchengnengzaiquanmeibiaozhunhuaceshizhonghuodeqian5%chengjideyouxiuxuesheng,zheixiexueshengzhangdahou,henduorendoujinrulehafo、pulinsidun、sitanfudengzhimingdaxue。leifu?aisikuisihuodederongyubujiqishu,jitatigongjuanzhuderenyebujiqishu,tadeshijihongdongzhenggemeiguo,erqiehaibeipaichengjilupian,tadezhuzuo《di56haojiaoshideqiji》chengweiquanqiuzuiremendejiaoyuchangxiaoshuzhiyi,dantarengranjianshouzaitade56haojiaoshi,zhengmingzheyigerennenggouzaizuixiaodekongjianlichuangzaochuzuidadeqiji。xiangleifuzheiyangdelaoshi,jiuchengdeshangshi“liangshi”le。

竞博体育  zenyangcainengdadaozheiyangdejingjieni?youliangdianfeichangzhongyao:

竞博体育  shouxianshitaidu。woxiaoshihou,cunliyouyiweidaikelaoshijiwomenshanglejigeyuedeke,xueshengmendouhenxihuanta,laoshilikaixuexiaodeshihou,woyizhibatasongdaoshijiliyiwaitadejiali。womenweishenmexihuanzheiweilaoshi?yinweizheiweilaoshitaiduhao,rangrenrumuchunfeng。woxiaotongshijiaoyuxueyuandejiweishuxuelaoshijixueshengjiangjichuke,bingfeishenaodexuewen,danketangqifenhao,xueshenghenxihuan。suoyi,xiangyaoyingdexueshengdexiai,shouxianyaoyouhaodetaidu,jutilaijiang,yaoyouaixin、zhuanxinhenaixin。zhengruxizongshujiqiangdiao: “zuohaolaoshi,yaoyourenaizhixin。”aishijiaoyudelinghun,meiyouaijiumeiyoujiaoyu。youaixin,yiqiecongguanxin、guanaixueshengchufa,xueshengcaihuiqinjinni、xihuanni;zhuanxinzhuanyi,renzhenfuze,quanshenxintouru,cainengbajiaoshuyurendeshiyeganhao,rangxueshengyougengduodechengzhanggan、huodegan;younaixin,cainengxinpingqihe、youtiaobuwen、chixushenrudichulihaojutideshiwu,zhumingzuojiawangcengqihuiyizijidelaoshishencongwenshi,jiuchengzanshenlaoshihen“naifan”,xiezuoye“naifan”,jiaoshuyurenye“naifan”。tajixueshengjiangxiezuoke,weilejixueshengzuoshifan,huiyuxianzijidongshouxiefanwen,jixueshenggaiwenzhanggaidemanpiandoushiquanquandiandian。“naifan”jiushiyounaixin,shihaojiaoshibixujubeidexiuyang。

  qici,yaoyoubiyaodefangfahejiqiao。jiaoyujiaoxuehuodongshiyouzishendeguilv、fangfahejiqiaode,danglaoshibixuyaoyouyitaofangfahejiqiao。kongfuzizhidaoxueshengjiuhenyouyitao,biru“xueershixi”、“wenguzhixin”、“xuesibingzhong”、“xueyizhiyong”、“zeshanercong”、“juyifansan”、“bufenbuqi、bufeibufa”deng,zheiyitaofangfa,zaidangshiyaosuanxianjin,zhijinyerengranshijingdian。yanyuanshikongzidedeyidizi,tachengzankongzishuo: “fuzixunxunranshanyouren,bowoyiwen,yuewoyili,yubabuneng。”kejiankongzidejiaoyujiaoxuefangfaduomerangxueshengshouyiwuqiong。kongfuzizailiangqianduonianqianjiuyouneimeyitaofengfudefangfa,womenxianzairuguohaizhishishangkenianppt,nianjiangyi,yiniandaodi,qibushishudianwangzulema?dangran,womenchulexuexilaofuzineiyitao,yeyaomianxiangshijie,mianxiangshidai,jianshoubingxu,womenxianzaiyou“badajiaoxuefa”,yihoukenengyaofazhandao“shidajiaoxuefa”、“shiwudajiaoxuefa”……zongzhi: zhiyaoshihaodefangfa,youjinbuyinsudefangfa,womenjiuxueguolai,xiaohuaxishou,xingchengzijidefangfalunhefangfaku,ranhouyinkezhiyi,yinrenzhiyi,genjubutongdejiaoyuduixiang、jiaoyumubiao、jiaoyuchangjingxuanyongbutongdefangfa,zheiyangjiuyidingnengchengweiyimingshenshouxueshengxihuandeliangshi。

  (er)“zunjing”decengcihe“daoshi”dejingjie

  zunjinglaoshi,zheishixueshengzunshidediercengbiaoxian。

  zunjingjiushizunerjingzhi,“zun”shineixindeganqing,“jing”shiwaizaidebiaoxian。birulishishangzhumingde“chengmenlixue”dediangu。shuoshibeisongnianjiandeyigedongtian,youzuo、yangshiquhenanjiantamendelaoshichengyi(chengyishisongdailixuedezongshijirenwu,dazhishifenzi),liangweixueshengkanjianlaoshizhengzaibimuyangshen,bugandarao,youxiangdaolaoshikenengsuishixinglaizhaojian,suoyiyebuyilikai,jinguandangshitianjiangdaxue,danliangrenrengzaimenwaigongjingdizhanzhedenghou,denglaoshixinglaideshihou,menwaidexueyijingyichishenle。zheigediangulilaiweirenchengdao,yuanyinjiushitatongguohuanjingdehongtuo,tongguodui“jing”dexingweidemiaoxie,chuanshendibiaoxianle“zunshi”deqingganhetaidu,shizhongguo“zunshizhongdao”sixiangdechuanshenxiezhao。

竞博体育  dangran,suizheshidaidefazhan,zunshideneihanyefashengzhegaibian。birusuizhexueshengzhishilaiyuanderijianfengfuherenshishuipingdetigao,xueshengtongguodulisikao,pipansikao,duilaoshidexueshuo、guandianyoubujiehuobutongkanfadeqingkuangshiyoufasheng,zaizheizhongqingkuangxia,wenmingdizhiyi、pingdengdiqiecuoyeshizunshidebiaoxian。zunjinglaoshiconglaibushishuomangconglaoshi,zhenzhengdezunjingshirenzhensikaolaoshideguandian、kanfa,bingnengtongguoyansudexueshuqiecuodadao“jiaoxuexiangzhang”dexiaoguo。danbuguan“zunshi”deneihanruhefazhan,zunjingzhiqingqueshiyiyiguanzhide。

竞博体育  he“xihuan”zheizhongganqingjianlizaiganxingjichushangbutong,“zunjing”zheizhongtaidugengduodeshijianlizailixingjichushangde。biru,womenfaxian,kaoshifangshuidelaoshihuoxunengdedaoxueshengyishidexihuan,quenanyihuodezhangjiudezunjing,xueshengzunjingdeqiaqiashineixiegongdaozhengpai、zhixueyanjindelaoshi。suoyi,yaoxiangyingdezheiyangyiqunxueshengdezunzhong,jiaoshixiuyangjiubixuzaishangtaijie,jinrudierzhongjingjie,wochengzhiwei: “daoshi”dejingjie。

  meiyiqirenweidaxuejiaoyudelixiangzhuangtaiyinggaishi“dayuqiandao,xiaoyuweisui”。“qiandao”dedayujiushi“daoshi”,zheigejingjiedexiuyang,zhishaobaohanlianggefangmian:

竞博体育  yishiyaoxueshiyuanbo,zhuanyejingshen。《zhongguojiaoshibao》he《zhongguoqingnianbao》cenglianhejubanguoyicidiaoyan,qingxueshengtouchu“zuoweiyimingjiaoshiyingjubeidezuizhongyaodepinzhiqianwuweifenbieshishenme”。jieguoxianshi,xueshengzuikanzhongdepinzhiyiciwei: 1.xueshiyuanbo、zhuanyenengliqiang;2.duixueshenggongzheng;3.zerenxinqiang;4.chuangxinnengliqiang;5.zunzhongxuesheng。wuxiangfenbiezhandaoxuanpiaozongshude14.4%、13.04%、11.98%、9.81%he8.21%。

  congzheigediaoyanwomenkeyikanchu,jiaoshidexueshihezhuanyenenglishixueshengzuikanzhongde,xizongshujishuo: “zuohaolaoshi,yaoyouzhashixueshi。”zheiyidianduiyudaxuejiaoshilaishuoyouweizhongyao。zhengrucaiyuanpeixianshengcengjingzhichudeyiyang: “daxuezhe,yanjiugaoshenxuewenzheye”,meiyougaoshendexuewen,jiubunengchengqiweidaxue;meiyouyuanbodexueshihejingshendezhuanyesuyang,jiuhennanshuoshiyimingyouxiudedaxuelaoshi。nenggouyingdexueshengzunzhongdedaxuelaoshiyidingshixueshiyuanbo,shiyekaikuo,tadesixiangshanyaozhezhihuideguangmang,jibianshizhiyanpianyu,yenengjirenyizhihuideqidi;tongshi,tayeyaozuodaozhuanyejingshen,zaizijidezhuanyelingyuyouzugoudejilei,youshenrudeyanjiu,youyixizhidi。tayinggaiyouxuduoxianxingdexueshuchengguo,zhengrurenmenxihuanchengzanyiweijiaoshou“zhuzuodengshen”yiyang,chengguoduoshuomingtashizheigezhuanyedexingjia。zhiyoumianduizheiyangdelaoshi,xueshengcaihuisuranshengfazunjingzhiyi。

竞博体育  suowei“xuegaoweishi”,yaoxiangyingdexueshengdezunzhong,laoshiyaozaixueshi、zhuanyeshangrangxueshengxinfu。xinjiushixiangxin,fujiushipeifu。xiangxin、peifulaoshidezhishisuyang、zhuanyeshuipingyiji“chuandaoshouyejiehuo”denengli。jinguanlaoshibingbushizhenlidehuashen,yebushizhishideweiyichuanbozhe,danshiwomenrengranxiwangmeiweilaoshidounenggourangxueshengjianliqiduiniyuanboxueyanghezhuanyeshuipingdexinren;jinguankongfuzicengjiaohuishuo“zhizhiweizhizhi,buzhiweibuzhi”,danshiwomenhaishixiwanggeweilaoshi“zhi”deduoxie,“buzhi”deshaoxie。duiyuxueshengtichudewenti,nenggouzuodaoxiongyouchengzhu,yingdaruliu。ruyouqueshibudongdewenti,jiuchengshidihuida“budong”,zheiyenengqudexueshengdezunzhong。

  ershiyaoshidegaoshang,jiaofengyanjin。suhuomulinsijicengshuo: “jiaoshiderengeshijinxingjiaoyudejishi。”shideshijiaoshidelinghun,yeshijiaoshuyurendegenben。taoxingzhixianshengyoumingyanyue: “shenzhengweifan。”shenmejiao“shenzheng”?weirenzhengpai,chushigongzhengjiushi“shenzheng”;xuefengqianxu,jiaofengyanjinjiushi“shenzheng”。youdiaochaxianshi: xueshengfeichangzhongshijiaoshishifougongzheng,weishenme“fangshui”delaoshidebudaoxueshengdezunzhongni?yigehenzhongyaodeyuanyinjiushizheizhongzuofayoushigongzheng,jiaofengbuyanjin。

  shidedeneihanfeichangfengfu: biruzeren、zunzhong、gongping、gongzheng、tonglixin、kuanrongdeng,zheixiepindedeyangcheng,zhuyaokaojiaoshidesixiangjuewuheneizaixiulian。youxiudejiaoshiyidingshanyujingchangdijianshiziji,fanshengziji,guanliziji,tigaoziji,shizijideshidexiuyangbuduanzhenyugenggaodejingjie。

竞博体育  zai“xuegao”he“shenzheng”dejichushang,dadaozheigejingjiedejiaoshibujinshanyu“jiaoshu”,gengshanyu“yuren”,“jincheng”jiaoshiyaoyindaoxueshengzoushangzhengquederenshengdaolu,zhidaoxueshengruhezuoshizuoren,bujinshi“jiaoshi”,erqieshi“daoshi”。

竞博体育  (san)“jingyang”decengcihe“dashi”dejingjie

竞博体育  zai“zunjingzhi”yishang,haicunzaiyigezunshidecengci,neijiushi“jingyangzhi”。

  jingyang,gumingsiyi,jiushiyizhongxinhuaichongjingdeyangwang。jiuhaoxiangyigerenzhanzailianmianwanli、songruyunduandegaoshanjiaoxia,kanjianshanshixiongwei、putiangaidi,dunshigandaozijidemiaoxiao,congershengchudeneiyizhongyangwangzhiqing。

  zhongguolishishangdiyiweishoujingyangdejiaoshidangshukongfuzi。yanyuanjiucengkuirantanyue: “yangzhimigao,zuanzhimijian,zhanzhizaiqian,huyanzaihou。”zigongchengzanta: “riyueye,wudeeryuyan。”zheixiedoushihanyoushenshenyangwangzhiqingdezanmei。simaqianwankongzijibainian,yebingfeikongzimentu,dantadudaokongzideshu,xiangjiankongzideweiren,rengbumianshengchu“gaoshanyangzhi,jingxingxingzhi,suibunengzhi,xinxiangwangzhi”degankai,renweikongzi“keweizhishengyi”。hanchaoyihou,lidaidiwangzhuifengkongziwei“wang”、wei“sheng”zhebujuerulv。kongzihaishijiaoyuxingyedezushi,beizunweizhigaowushangde“zhishengxianshi”,womenbakongzidedanchendingwei“jinchengjiaoshijie”,jiushichuyuminzuchuantongheguojiguanlidekaolv——yinweikongzishijiaoyuxingyedezushiye,qibeijingyangdechengdu,qianbainianlaiwuchuqiyouzhe。

竞博体育  shouxueshengjingyangdelaoshiwangwanghuidizaochufeitongyibandeshishengguanxi。woyizhishuo,kongzizuodaodejijianshi,womenxianzaihenshaoyourennengzuodao。qiyi: duiyukongzidejiaohui,xueshenghuozhengzhongqishidi“shuzhushen”,yinweizuoyouming;huoniannianbuwang,“zhongshensongzhi”,xianzaiyoujiweilaoshinengzuodao?qier,kongzidaizheyiqunxueshengzhouyoulieguo,dianpeiliuli,“huanghuangrusangjiazhigou”,shihenshiyide,danhaishiyouyiziluweidaibiaodeyibangxueshengsixintadizhuisuita,bulibuqi;qisan,kongziguoshihou,yiqundizizaikongzimubianzhalushoufen,youderenshousannian,zigongshouleliunian,meiyouhenshendeshishengganqingzuobudao;qisi,kongziguoshihou,yourenhuibangkongzi,yizigongweidaibiaodexueshengnengjianjuehanweikongzidexueshuohediwei,zigongshuo: “zhongnibukehuiye,tarenzhixianzhe,qiulingye,youkeyuye;zhongni,riyueye,wudeeryuyan。”youshuo: “fuzizhibukejiye,youtianzhibukejieershengye。”duikongzidechongjing、weihuzhiqingyiyuyanbiao。

  yaoxiangyingdexueshengdejingyang,jiaoshidexiuyangjiuhaidegengshangcenglou,jinrudisanzhongjingjie,wochengzhiwei: “dashi”dejingjie。

  suoweidashi,jiushimouyilingyudediyiliurenwu,tamenhuoshizheigelingyukaishanlipaidezushi,huoshijiangmougeliupaifayangguangdadejidachengzhe,zhishaoyinggaishizaimouyilingyuliyichuidingyindequanwei。

竞博体育  dashidangyoudiyiliudexuewen。birujindaidechenyinkexiansheng,tadangnianzaiqinghuadaxuerenjiaodeshihou,jiucengyou“sibujiang”dejiahua——“qianrenjiangguode,wobujiang;jinrenjiangguode,wobujiang;waiguorenjiangguode,wobujiang;wozijiguoqujiangguode,yebujiang。”neihainengjiangshenmeni?“zhijiangweicengyourenjiangguode。”dajiaxiangyixiang,yaozuodao“sibujiang”,shouxiannidequanmianlejieqianren、jinrendoujiangguolexieshenme,zheijiuxuyaosoujiziliao、bolanqunshu,danshiwanchengzheiyixianggongzuo,nijiuchenglelebuqidedaxuewenjiale;nihaidelejiewaiguorendoujiangleshenme,yaozuodaozheiyidian,zhishaodejingtongduomenwaiyu,xueguanzhongxicaixing,erchenyinkejiuhuishijimenyuyan;ranhouhaiyaotichuzijidexinjianjie,xinyanjiuchengguo,erqiemeitangkedouyaoyouxinjianjie,zheigengshinanshangjianan。chenyinkenengzuodao“sibujiang”,zhenwukuiweiguoxuedashi、wenshitaidou。dangshiyoubushaozhimingjiaoshouruwumi、zhuziqing、fengyoulandengdouhuiqutingtadeke,suoyitayoubeichengwei“jiaoshoudejiaoshou”。fusinianpingjiatashuo: “chenxianshengdexuewenjinsanbainianlaiyireneryi。”wumipingjiashuo: “wubiyiyinkeweiquanzhongguozuiboxuezhiren。”liangqichaoqianxudixiangrenjieshao: “chenxianshengdexuewenshengguowo。”jixianlindangnianqupangtingchenyinkexianshengde《fojingfanyiwenxue》,ganjue“shouyongzhongshen”……qishuipingzhigao,shitongrenhehouxuedegonglun,zheiyangderenjiukancheng“dashi”le。

  dashidangyouyiliuderenge。chenyinkexianshengyishengzhuiqiuzhenli,chongshangxueshuziyou,hetatongweiqinghuadaxueguoxueyuan“sidadaoshi”zhiyidewangguoweitouhuzijinhou,chenyinkeweitazhuanxiebeiwen,qizhongyouliangjuhuaguangweiliuchuan,yingxiangshenyuan,zheijiushi“dulizhijingshen,ziyouzhisixiang”。chenyinkelijinglexuduodongdangshidai,tayishengminghanweijingshendeduliyusixiangdeziyou,yishengcongweixieguoyipianmeisudewenzhang,congwei“zunmingxiezuo”、“zunmingyanjiu”,yecongweimeizheliangxinshuozijidoubuxiangxindehua,zhenzhengzuodaole“fuguibunengyin,pinjianbunengyi,weiwubunengqu”,youdazhangfudepinge。wenhuadagemingshiqi,chenyinkeshuangmuyijingshiming,xingdongbubian,beikouleding“fandongxueshuquanwei”demaozi,zaofanpaiyaodouta,tadexueshengliujiejiuzhanchulaishuo,wodaitiwodelaoshiaidou,nimenyaodoujiudouwoba!pidoudahuiwanbi,hongweibingwenliujieyouheganxiang,tahuidashuo: “wonengdaibiaolaoshiaipidou,gandaohenguangrong。”zheizhenshilebuqia!meiyouduilaoshifazineixindejingyangheaidai,tazenmehuiyouneimedadeyongqi?laoshiruomeiyouweidaderengeliliang,youzenmenengrangxueshengqinpei、aidaizhicini?

  youbiruzhumingjiaoyujiataoxingzhixiansheng,tabishengzhiliyujiaoyushiye,youzhe“weizhongguojiaoyuxunmishuguang”deweidabaofuyushidaizerengan;youzhe“pengzheyikexinlai,budaibangencaoqu”defengxianjingshen;youzhe“youjiaowulei”、“aimantianxia”debodaxiongjin;haiyou“gantanweifaxianzhixinli,ganruweikaihuazhibianjiang”dekaituochuangxinjingshenyiji“jiaorenqiuzhen”、“xuezuozhenren”degaoshangshide。zheixiechaofantuosuderengemeilishichaoyueshidaide,shiwomensuoyoujiaoyugongzuozhegongtongdebaoguidejingshencaifu。

  zaijinxiandaizhongguojiaoyushishang,dashijiderenwuhaiyouhenduo,lirucaiyuanpeixiansheng、yeqisunxiansheng、jixianlinxiansheng、qianxuesenxianshengdeng,tamendouyongzijidegaoshangrengehegaoshenzaoyizhaoliangleyifangtiandi,jiahuixuelin,zebeihouxue,shiwomenxuexidebangyang。

  laoshimen: xizongshujishuo: “yigerenyudaohaolaoshishirenshengdexingyun,yigexuexiaoyongyouhaolaoshishixuexiaodeguangrong,yigeminzuyuanyuanbuduanyongxianchuyipiyouyipihaolaoshizeshiminzudexiwang。”wojintiansuojiangdeliangshi、daoshi、dashi,jiushi“jincheng”xuezidexingyun,jiushi“jincheng”deguangrongheminzudexiwang。xiwanggeweilaoshizaizhixueyurendedaolushang,nenggoufayangkongfuzi“xueerbuyan,huirenbujuan”debaoguichuantong,zaijiaoshixiuyangshangxiazugongfu,shijiershang,zhishaozuo“liangshi”,zaoridang“daoshi”,zhengqucheng“dashi”。

  xiexiedajia。


 
                       

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